Staying Authentic: How to Identify Pure Cotton Fabric?

In the vast world of fabrics, cotton print fabrics stand out for their comfort, breathability and versatility.

However, with a wide range of options flooding the market, distinguishing pure cotton fabric from its counterparts can be a challenging task. 

Whether you are shopping for cotton fabric online or exploring cotton textiles store, this comprehensive guide aims to equip you with the knowledge to make informed decisions.

How to tell if fabric is cotton? Let's understand further.

Understanding if fabric is pure cotton or not:

Cotton fabric, derived from the natural fibers of the cotton plant, has been cultivated for centuries, known for its softness, absorbency and breathability. 

Pure cotton fabric is highly sought after due to its natural properties and comfort. It is important to note that there are different types of cotton fabric, including Organic cotton, Egyptian cotton, Twill, Poplin, Lawn, Cotton Jersey, etc. each with unique characteristics and cultural significance. Some common cotton fabric types include muslin, denim, flannel and organic cotton.

Indo libas offer a wide range of organic pure cotton and cotton knit fabrics. Knit fabric is an elastic material made by yarns initially formed into loops and then interconnected to produce a textile structure. It is primarily made from cotton and is ideal for a variety of projects, offering comfort and flexibility for garments and other textile creations.

In our collection of organic cotton fabrics, you'll find popular prints such as Block print, Sanganeri, Bagru, Indigo, Ikat, Batik, Motifs, Bandhani, Jaal Print, etc. Explore our range to discover the perfect printed cotton fabric for your needs. 

How to Identify Fabrics Made of Natural Cotton?

Visual Inspection

Visual inspection is a crucial step in identifying natural cotton fabric.

Consider the following factors:

Natural Fiber Appearance:

100% Pure cotton fabric reveals a natural texture with visible fibers. Look for slight irregularities, such as small variations in thickness and low slubs, which indicate the natural characteristics of cotton fibers.

Weave Pattern:

Cotton cloth comes in diverse weaves, including plain weave, twill weave and satin weave. Each weave has its unique pattern, helping you determine the fabric type.

Absence of Sheen:

Pure cotton material generally lacks the sheen or shine typically found in synthetic fabrics like polyester or nylon. Cotton has a matte appearance, even in its finest form.

Fabric Touch and Feel

How to identify cotton fabric by touching?

The tactile experience of touching and feeling the fabric provides valuable clues about its composition.

Consider the following factors:


Organic cotton textile is known for its gentle and smooth feel against the skin. Run your hand over the fabric to assess its softness. Cotton material fabric tends to have a natural, non-slippery texture.


Sustainable cotton fabric is notably breathable, allowing air circulation and moisture absorption. Hold the fabric against your cheek or blow air through it to check its breathability. If it feels cool and allows air to pass through easily, it is likely to be cotton.


Cotton has excellent absorbency. Test the cotton material by placing drops of water on its surface. If the water is quickly absorbed, the fabric is likely made from cotton. Synthetic fabrics tend to repel water.

Burn Test

Please note that the burn test should be used with caution and only on a small sample of the fabric.

Follow these steps:

  • Snip a small piece of the fabric material and hold it with tweezers or pliers.
  • Ignite the fabric using a flame source and observe the burning behavior.
  • Natural cotton fabric burns quickly and leaves behind a grayish-white ash. It has a characteristic scent of burning paper or leaves.
  • Synthetic fabrics tend to melt or shrink away from the flame, leaving a hard, bead-like residue.

Fabric Labels and Documentation:

Always check the fabric label or any accompanying documentation when purchasing cotton material online or from a textiles stores.

Look for indicators such as "100% cotton" or "pure cotton." This information provides a clear confirmation of the material's composition.

Hand-Woven Characteristics

When examining hand-woven printed cotton fabric in our print patterns collections including Sanganeri Jaipur Print, Motifs, Floral cotton cloth or wide striped cotton fabric pay attention to the following:

Handmade Imperfections:

Hand-woven fabrics often have slight irregularities, such as variations in thread thickness, small knots, or subtle weaving inconsistencies. These imperfections add to the charm and authenticity of the fabric.

Artistic Patterns:

Hand-woven cotton fabrics frequently feature intricate patterns created through traditional techniques like tie-dyeing (as seen in Batik print fabric or iced dye fabric) or resist dyeing (as seen in Ikat cloth). The patterns are skillfully executed, showcasing the craftsmanship of the artisans.

Benefits of Pure Cotton Fabric

Now that we've explored how to identify pure cotton fabric let's delve into answering the questions: Is pure cotton good? And is choosing pure cotton a wise decision? 

Comfort and Breathability

Material cotton fabrics is renowned for its softness and breathability. It allows air circulation, keeping you cool and comfortable throughout the day. The absence of a sheen, as found in synthetic fabrics, contributes to a matte appearance that feels natural against the skin.


Cotton's excellent absorbency makes it an ideal choice for various clothing items. Whether it's a dress, shirt, or bedding, sustainable cotton fabric absorbs moisture efficiently, keeping you dry and comfortable.

Environmental Friendliness

Cotton is a natural, renewable resource, making it an eco-friendly choice. Choosing pure cotton fabric contributes to sustainability, especially when produced using natural dyes and traditional weaving methods.

Why Choose Indo Libas?

With over 20 years of experience in the fashion industry, Indo Libas is committed to revolutionizing the way people adorn themselves, whether it's through their attire, crafts projects, home decor,  DIY projects and more. Specializing in designing beautiful dresses for women and catering to all fabric related projects based on customer demands, we also offer custom printing services and accept custom offers in direct fabric wholesale. The brand offers a wide range of cotton fabrics utilizing various printing technologies or processes, including hand block printing, digital printing, screen printing, modern print and pigment printing.


Identifying pure cotton fabric requires a combination of visual inspection, touch and feel, burn tests (with caution), fabric labels and an understanding of hand-woven characteristics. By employing these methods and factors, you can confidently distinguish natural cotton fabric from other materials.

This guide empowers you to make informed choices, whether you are buying cotton fabric online, visiting a material store or exploring fabric stores near me. Your search concludes at our Fabric Website.

For seeking quality and innovation, trust Indo Libas lending tradition and modernity in the world of fashion.