Staying Authentic: How to Identify Pure Cotton Fabric?

In the vast world of fabrics, cotton print fabrics stand out for their comfort, breathability and versatility.

However, with a wide range of options flooding the market, distinguishing pure cotton fabric from its counterparts can be a challenging task. 

Whether you are shopping for cotton fabric online or exploring hand-woven textiles this comprehensive guide aims to equip you with the knowledge to make informed decisions.

Understanding Cotton Fabric

Cotton fabric, derived from the natural fibers of the cotton plant, has been cultivated for centuries, known for its softness, absorbency and breathability. 

Pure cotton fabric is highly sought after due to its natural properties and comfort. It is important to note that there are different types of cotton fabric, including Sanganeri cotton fabric, Bandhani cotton fabric, Ikat cotton fabric and handwoven cotton fabric, each with unique characteristics and cultural significance.

How to Identify Fabrics Made of Natural Cotton?

Visual Inspection

Visual inspection is a crucial step in identifying natural cotton fabric.

Consider the following factors:

Natural Fiber Appearance:

Pure cotton fabric reveals a natural texture with visible fibers. Look for slight irregularities, such as small variations in thickness and low slubs, which indicate the natural characteristics of cotton fibers.

Weave Pattern:

Cotton cloth comes in diverse weaves, including plain weave, twill weave and satin weave. Each weave has its unique pattern, helping you determine the fabric type.

Absence of Sheen:

Pure cotton material generally lacks the sheen or shine typically found in synthetic fabrics like polyester or nylon. Cotton has a matte appearance, even in its finest form.

Fabric Touch and Feel

The tactile experience of touching and feeling the fabric provides valuable clues about its composition.

Consider the following factors:


Cotton fabric is known for its gentle and smooth feel against the skin. Run your hand over the fabric to assess its softness. Pure cotton material tends to have a natural, non-slippery texture.


Cotton is notably breathable, allowing air circulation and moisture absorption. Hold the fabric against your cheek or blow air through it to check its breathability. If it feels cool and allows air to pass through easily, it is likely to be cotton.


Cotton has excellent absorbency. Test the fabric by placing drops of water on its surface. If the water is quickly absorbed, the fabric is likely made from cotton. Synthetic fabrics tend to repel water.

Burn Test

Please note that the burn test should be used with caution and only on a small sample of the fabric.

Follow these steps:

  • Snip a small piece of the fabric and hold it with tweezers or pliers.
  • Ignite the fabric using a flame source and observe the burning behavior.
  • Pure cotton fabric burns quickly and leaves behind a grayish-white ash. It has a characteristic scent of burning paper or leaves.
  • Synthetic fabrics tend to melt or shrink away from the flame, leaving a hard, bead-like residue.
  • Fabric Labels and Documentation

Always check the fabric label or any accompanying documentation when purchasing cotton material online or from a physical store.

Look for indicators such as "100% cotton" or "pure cotton." This information provides a clear confirmation of the material's composition.

Hand-Woven Characteristics

When examining hand-woven printed cotton fabric like Sanganeri cotton material, Ikat cotton cloth or Bandhani cotton fabric pay attention to the following:

Handmade Imperfections:

Hand-woven fabrics often have slight irregularities, such as variations in thread thickness, small knots, or subtle weaving inconsistencies. These imperfections add to the charm and authenticity of the fabric.

Artistic Patterns:

Hand-woven cotton fabrics frequently feature intricate patterns created through traditional techniques like tie-dyeing (as seen in Bandhani cloth) or resist dyeing (as seen in Ikat cloth). The patterns are skillfully executed, showcasing the craftsmanship of the artisans.

Benefits of Pure Cotton Fabric

Now that we've explored how to identify pure cotton fabric let's delve into answering the questions: Is pure cotton good? And is choosing pure cotton a wise decision? 

Comfort and Breathability

Pure cotton fabric is renowned for its softness and breathability. It allows air circulation, keeping you cool and comfortable throughout the day. The absence of a sheen, as found in synthetic fabrics, contributes to a matte appearance that feels natural against the skin.


Cotton's excellent absorbency makes it an ideal choice for various clothing items. Whether it's a dress, shirt, or bedding, pure cotton fabric absorbs moisture efficiently, keeping you dry and comfortable.

Environmental Friendliness

Cotton is a natural, renewable resource, making it an eco-friendly choice. Choosing pure cotton fabric contributes to sustainability, especially when produced using natural dyes and traditional weaving methods.

Why Choose Indo Libas?

In the quest for pure cotton fabric, Indo Libas emerges as a reliable and innovative choice. With over 20 years of experience in the fashion industry, Indo Libas is committed to revolutionizing the way people dress. Specializing in designing beautiful dresses for women, the brand offers a wide range of cotton prints fabric, including hand block printing, digital printing, screen printing, modern print and pigment printing.

Mr. Rizwan Ahmed, the creative head behind Indo Libas, brings a legacy of over two decades in designing and creating beautiful dresses for women. As a family-owned business, Indo Libas combines traditional artisanal craftsmanship with contemporary design, presenting beautifully and uniquely crafted fashion pieces.


Identifying pure cotton fabric requires a combination of visual inspection, touch and feel, burn tests (with caution), fabric labels and an understanding of hand-woven characteristics. By employing these methods and factors, you can confidently distinguish natural cotton fabric from other materials.

Whether you are buying cotton fabric online or exploring hand-woven textiles, this blog empowers you to make informed choices and appreciate the comfort and versatility of pure cotton cloth. As you take your first step towards finding authentic cotton fabric, consider the benefits it brings to your comfort, style and the environment. And when seeking quality and innovation, Indo Libas stands as the perfect blend of tradition and modernity in the world of fashion.